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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 32-35

Estimation of age from medial clavicle radiological ossification staging in a regional population of Eastern India

1 Department of Forensic and State Medicine, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, NRS Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Saikat Das
Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjfms.sjfms_7_19

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Background: Previous studies on medial clavicular epiphysis for age estimation using X ray have shown different results among the Spanish population, German population, and others. Studies with adequate sample size, involving the East Indian (Bengali) population, has not been found, based on which our objective of performing this study was decided. Subject and Method: Our study conducted among patients who were brought for examination of the chest due to various medical reasons, 200 cases were selected randomly after considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria from age 10 to 26 years, and clavicular ossification stage was determined by three observers by studying X ray images. Results: it is seen that the mean age for achieving Stage 3 in males is 17.50 years and females is 16.73 years. This can be significant from the point of view of declaring a person juvenile as per the various laws applicable. Conclusion: These results from our study signify that from the forensic point of view, the epiphyseal cartilage of the medial end of the clavicle can be of corroborative significance in assessment of age in doubtful cases of crime accused and in cases of immigration.

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